What is Ulcerative Colitis?
- Ulcerative colitis is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
- causes ongoing inflammation and small sores (ulcers) in the inner lining of the large intestine.
- This inflammation makes the large intestine, or colon, empty frequently, which leads to the most common symptoms of colitis: diarrhea (often bloody) and abdominal cramps and pain.
- The symptoms of ulcerative colitis, as well as possible complications, will vary depending on the extent of inflammation in the rectum and the colon.
- Colitis symptoms can come on gradually or suddenly and vary in severity.
Is Colitis the same as Crohn’s Disease?
- Ulcerative colitis is not the same as another IBD called Crohn’s disease.
- Unlike Crohn’s disease, which can affect any area of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, ulcerative colitis affects only the colon.
- Colitis inflammation also differs from that of Crohn’s disease in